Origin Of Playing Cards And Meaning Of Mark

Origin Of Playing Cards And Meaning Of Mark

Trump has become familiar to us in our lives, but when did the origin of Trump begin in the first place? Trump is called a card or playing lotto 4d malaysia card in English. Unfortunately, in English-speaking countries, it’s hard to say Trump.

Regarding the history of playing cards, the most influential view among various theories is that it is Europe in the latter half of the 14th century, and it was mainly in Italy during this period that a new play 4d dragon called card game (card) appeared. It is said to be a rural area. In the old record, in 1377, the description that the card game came in was written in the memoir of an old priest found in Basel, Switzerland, so from this memorandum, at least by this year, the card game It is presumed that Trump’s existence was earlier than this, as it turns out that was being played.

Also, from this memorandum, it is stated that the cards at that time already had four types of marks, and the number of cards in a set was almost the same as the present. Nowadays, the theory of Chinese origin is said to be influential, and it is said that the prototype of the tarot card, and fortune-telling started from this card, but the history of playing cards was transmitted from China and India as well as chess. It is said that it came from Egypt, but it seems that it is not clear.

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Meaning of playing cards

As you know, playing cards have four marks. Spades, hearts, clubs, diamonds.

It seems that it is not well known that each of these marks has a meaning, but it is persuasive because it was used for fortune-telling. What is commonly said seems to represent a position in medieval Europe.

Spades represent “swords” and represent knights and kings. The heart stands for “Western Cup” and represents a priest. The diamond represents “money” and represents the quotient. The club stands for “club” and represents a farmer. It seems that this has been simplified to become the current mark, but there is also a theory that it represents the four seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter.

Spades are winter, hearts are autumn, diamonds are summer, clubs are spring, and so on … 52 pieces are red and black, and the colors and numbers seem to have meaning. It is said that the red mark represents the daytime from sunrise to sunset, and the black mark represents the nighttime from sunset to sunrise.

In addition, the 13 cards from A to K represent the 13 weeks of each of the four seasons, and the fact that a pair of playing cards is 52 cards means that a year is 52 weeks. When it comes to picture cards, the total of 12 cards is said to represent 12 months of the year.

What’s more unique is that the 52 playing cards add up to 364, plus one joker for 365 days a year. There is also an extra joker for leap years. It is said that the meaning of having two jokers is derived from this.

Even more! What is interesting is that the A mark of Spade is large because the British government had taxed Trump in the past, so it is said that it started when the ace of spade was stamped as a sign that the tax was paid properly. is. Even Trump is quite deep. It seems that the appearance of playing cards in the future will also change.

Gambler’s Fallacy Sensitivity Experiment In Casinos

I conducted a 1997 study of the susceptibility of Fischbein and Schnarch to gambler’s fallacy. The study surveyed five groups of 5th, 7th, 9th, 11th, and college students specializing in teaching math.

Then, for subjects of each age, “I performed a coin toss three times and the table appeared three times. If I performed another coin toss, what is the possibility that the table will appear even the fourth time?” I asked the question. As a result, 35% of 5th graders, 35% of 7th graders, 20% of 9th graders, and 10% of 11th graders answered that “it is smaller than the possibility of getting out of the way”. The result was that no one answered.

It was concluded that a person’s susceptibility to gambler’s fallacy decreases with age because of the different effects of gambler’s fallacy on age.

Even if you have some prior knowledge of gambler’s fallacy, you will be unknowingly affected. Therefore, it is said that there is no way to overcome the gambler’s fallacy. However, as you get older, you become less sensitive, and the older you get, the more you can overcome the gambler’s fallacy.

Watch out for gambler’s fallacy

Gambler’s fallacy unknowingly acts on us in the brain, so even if we understand it, we cannot control it. As a result, it can be affected by gambling and can lead to unfavorable results.

However, poker requires not only intuition but also analytical and observing skills, so it is relatively unaffected by gambler’s fallacy. When playing casino games from now on, it’s a good idea to keep in mind the existence of gambler’s fallacy and be careful not to make biased decisions.